Afghanistan faces a number of humanitarian challenges related to both conflict and natural disasters. In response to these challenges, IOM’s emergency and post-emergency assistance activities in Afghanistan focus on mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery, implemented in close coordination with government and humanitarian partners. 

Humanitarian Assistance Programme (HAP): The IOM Humanitarian Assistance Programme responds to the emergency and recovery needs of natural disaster-affected communities across Afghanistan. Its major aim is to save lives and prevent further displacement. HAP addresses immediate humanitarian needs through the distribution of Non-Food Items (NFIs) and Emergency Shelter. These are pre-positioned in strategic locations throughout the country for rapid distribution when a crisis arises.

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities help build resilience to natural disasters in vulnerable Afghan communities. Prevalent poor construction practices combined with the history of natural disasters in Afghanistan create a need for DRR techniques to be integrated into emergency response and recovery activities, particularly those related to shelter reconstruction and rehabilitation of key lifesaving infrastructures. Through the Humanitarian Assistance Programme, IOM directly implements DRR activities and works to build the capacity of the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Agency (ANDMA).

Post-Arrival Assistance: IOM provides vulnerable, undocumented Afghans returning from Iran and Pakistan with immediate humanitarian post-arrival assistance. This assistance can include transportation from the border to their final destination via a transit center, where returnees receive short-term accommodation; the provision of Non-Food Item (NFI) relief kits; and other support, such as medical care or family tracing, according to IOM’s vulnerability criteria.

Reintegration: Equal emphasis is placed on the need to assist returnees beyond the moment they have reached their final destination. Communities in Afghanistan hosting large numbers of returnees are targeted for reintegration assistance activities to improve their stability and absorption capacity. Reintegration initiatives include vocational training courses, the construction of permanent shelters for vulnerable returnee families and the construction of community infrastructure.