As of mid-June 2021, more than 537,000 undocumented returnees have been registered at key border crossing points. At the same time, conflict and rapidly deteriorating economic conditions continue to drive out-migration. Irregular out-migration has long been a key migration dynamic over Afghanistan’s long land borders, and vulnerable migrants, including children, face an intensifying risk of being trafficked.
Right through 2020, and into the first months of 2021, we have seen people on the move in Afghanistan at all-time record highs. Undocumented Afghans who left in the hope of finding jobs and safety have poured back from Iran. More than 860,000 returns were recorded in 2020, and there are no signs of this pace abating in the first months of 2021