PLACES is IOM Afghanistan’s approach to area-based response. It comprises spatial profiling, using data from the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), to obtain multi-layered information on the mobility, vulnerabilities, and needs of displaced and mobile populations and their host communities, combined with Community-based Planning (CBP). The spatial profiles at province, district and community level allow IOM to build on context-specific local capacities, including community governance structures, existing essential services networks, and market systems (where possible). Evidence from the spatial profiles informs and enhances the Community-based Planning (CBP) process by ensuring that communities’ needs, expressed through inclusive planning workshops where strategic Community Action Plans are developed, are addressed with impactful, multi-sectoral interventions for the short-, medium-, and long-term. For example, a bridge might be built to connect an isolated community to a nearby urban area that offers job opportunities, education, and health services – rather than replicating these services locally, risking lack of staff and a critical mass of people to sustain them.

Research briefs:

 

Community Action Plans: