Migration Management

IOM works with governments and migrants to facilitate and regulate migration. This includes the promotion of international migration law,  policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration. In Afghanistan, IOM’s migration management activities currently focus on the following areas: 

Capacity Building for the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR): IOM supports the efforts of the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) to enhance its capacity to effectively and efficiently deliver services. Working in coordination with the MoRR headquarters in Kabul and the provincial-level Directorates of Refugees and Repatriation (DoRR), IOM draws on its extensive international experience in migration management to provide strategic guidance and training, as well as technical support for beneficiary data management.

Afghanistan Passport Issuing System and Afghanistan Visa Issuing System (APIS/AVIS): The APIS/AVIS project was launched in 2005 with the objective of enabling the Government of Afghanistan to introduce a Machine Readable Passport and Machine Readable Visa compliant with International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO) standards and consistent with international best practices. With the project now in its third phase, a Machine Readable Travel Document issuing system is currently functional both within the country and outside through Afghan diplomatic/consular facilities.

Electronic National ID Card (E-Tazkira): IOM recently commenced a 12-month initiative to support Afghanistan’s Ministry of Interior in implementing the first phase of introducing Electronic National ID cards (E-Tazkira) in Kabul. Support to the Ministry falls into two main areas: operational and capacity building support to core business process set up and strengthening; and development and enhancement of associated policy, legal and regulatory frameworks.

Return of Qualified Afghans (RQA): Years of conflict have severely damaged Afghanistan’s economy and productive capacities. The RQA programme focuses on identifying and facilitating the return of Afghans living in third countries who are motivated to contribute their skills on a short- or long-term basis for the benefit of Afghanistan’s reconstruction. RQA participants include experts in the fields of medicine, education, urban planning and other key fields, with an emphasis on skilled female returnees. Learn more about RQA here.

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR): Through the AVRR programme, IOM offers a dignified, safe and cost-effective return option for migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin. 

IOM’s AVRR services include assistance in transit and reception on arrival; pre-departure and post-arrival provision of information, counselling and referral services; onward transportation to final in-country destination; provision of immediate and longer-term reintegration assistance; and medical assistance.

Counter-Trafficking: Human trafficking is a human rights violation of persons affected and has a long history within and from Afghanistan for various purposes. IOM is implementing a multiyear project in Afghanistan funded by USAID to strengthen the prevention of human trafficking, protect victims and improve response through a holistic approach.

The project is implemented in partnership with the Government of Afghanistan and NGOs, and seeks to achieve these key objectives: 1) National stakeholders respond more effectively to cases of human trafficking, including strengthening protection of Victims of Trafficking in high-risk communities; 2) Relevant stakeholders develop and sustain partnerships and adopt mechanisms necessary to better coordinate cross-border counter trafficking activities; 3) Target populations regularly demonstrate protective behaviours, including practicing safe migration and seeking help through appropriate channels.

IOM strives to protect migrant workers and to optimize the benefits of labour migration for both the country of origin and destination as well as for the migrants themselves. The IOM approach to international labour migration is to foster the synergies between labour migration and development, and to promote legal avenues of labour migration as an alternative to irregular migration. Moreover, IOM aims to facilitate the development of policies and programmes that are in the interest of migrants and society, providing effective protection and assistance to labour migrants and their families.

Through its Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC), IOM Afghanistan provides medical screening and assessment services for returnees as well as Afghans being resettled to third countries. Basic physical examinations, laboratory tests and referral services are offered at IOM’s clinic in Kabul and sub-offices throughout the country.